Based on a recent study published by human rights activists and energy experts, large scale renewable energy projects augment the risk of eliminating communities, and in return also affect the livelihood of the people living in the vicinity. Experts especially targeted the projects such as hydropower dams and solar parks.
These projects are intended to curb the climate change emissions. Sources suggest, large number of projects are been undertaken in India, China and other regions of Southeastern Asia.
Experts however drew attention to the fact that these regions are majorly dependent on fishing, and farming. The renewable energy projects as a result pose a greater threat to poor communities belonging to these regions.
The study also drew attention to the death of more than three people each week last year, as they struggled to protect their land from industries mushrooming in the regions. Out of 164 killings reported from 19 countries, almost a fourth of the accidents were closely linked with mining, and hydropower projects.
Furthermore, 11 mainstream dams and other 120 dams on tributaries from the Mekong River are planning towards building hydropower generation projects. According to experts, such projects will further affect the river system, in addition to affecting communities whose livelihood is dependent upon farming and fishing.
The study also draws light on the expansive solar farm projects endorsed by India. These development plans will further require 11 million hectares of land by 2030, thus leading to displacement. On the other hand, the project will help India in augmenting energy generation from renewable sources by 40% until 2030.
Experts suggest a social and economic assessment of large scale renewable energy projects. Furthermore, grave injustices to surrounding communities and environmental damages should be avoided.