Currently, only 50% of plastics are physically recycled. The rest, termed ‘End-of-Life Plastic’, is shipped to lowland, incinerated or finally ends up in our oceans.
To do that, we would want a policy that embraces new usage technology and that we need funding for our native usage infrastructure.
Generally, plastic recycling requires 2 forms – physical usage and chemical usage.
Physical usage takes a resource and re-purposes it, keeping the material essentially identical. as an example, a plastic bottle is sliced into plastic flake or liquefied into plastic pellets, each building blocks for brand spanking new plastic products. This is happening in Australia for PET and HDPE – and with investment, more can also be done.
Chemical recycling takes the material back one step more, to its chemical building blocks to create different materials. In the case of plastic, chemical usage transforms the plastic back to the oil, it originally came from. The advantage of chemical recycling is it will recycle just about any form of plastic – together with End-of-Life Plastic.
The recycled oil from the chemical recycling of plastic can be a direct substitute for crude oil, reducing the demand for natural resources. This oil is accustomed to build fuels, chemicals, and new plastics. Giving End-of-Life Plastic new life and remodeling it into a really circular resource. analysis has shown that to this point, 91% of plastic wasn't recycled. By combining physical and chemical recycling, they’ll be able to recycle just about all plastic and work towards a plastic neutral future
New technologies are looming line with the potential to recycle used plastics into valuable new plastics – making a circular plastics economy, the ‘Catalytic Hydrothermal Reactor’ – an innovative Australian designed technology that converts end of life plastics into waxes, diesel, and new plastics. These innovations show a really circular economy isn't solely attainable, however, it is possible.
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