Love songs, dance tunes, children's bedtime songs–all these music types share patterns across cultures, finds a new study. Scientists who set up the study believe it shows commonality in how music is produced by human minds.
The results have been published in the journal Science.
Samuel Mehr was the lead author of a research paper. He is a psychology research associate at Massachusetts ' Harvard University.
Mehr noted that the study supports "the idea that there is some kind of rules governing how human minds produce music around the world."
He and other researchers from 60 societies around the world studied musical recordings and ethnographic records. They looked at a mixture of very different cultures such as Scotland's Highland Scots, Ethiopia's Nyangatom nomads, and Australia's Aranda hunter-gatherers.
The researchers found that, among other things, music had a connection with behaviours like dancing and love.
Manvir Singh is a graduate student in the human evolutionary biology department of Harvard and a research co-author. Singh noted that the lullabies of children were likely to be slow and fluid while fast and lively dance songs tended to be.
Luke Glowacki, a professor of anthropology at Pennsylvania State University, was another co-author of the study. He noted that the music's social purpose influences the way it plays.
He said: "Because they have a specific function, dance songs sound some way around the world. Lullabies around the world sound somewhat because they have a particular function... When music was solely influenced by religion and not human psychology, you wouldn't allow such deep parallels to appear in extremely diverse societies. "Glowacki noticed how amazing the musical trends are across cultures.
He said: "It is remarkable that a lullaby, healing song or dance song from the British Isles or elsewhere in the world has many musical characteristics in common with the same kind of song from Australian hunter-ga
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