A new research states that living within 50 meters of a major busy road may stunt lung growth in children by 3 – 14% and increase the risk of lung cancer by 10%.
The research is conducted at King's College London. It was studied by a coalition of 15 environments and health NGOs, including the British Lung Foundation. The coalition is now called for a national network of Clean Air Zones across the UK. The study was conducted across 13 cities in Poland and the UK.
The research analyzed 13 health conditions in people living in high pollution areas. It was then compared to the general population. The study not just focused on deaths and hospital admissions but also symptoms such as chest infections.
The study found that air pollution contributes to a higher chance of bronchitis, heart disease, heart failure, and strokes.
The study result shows that roadside air pollution stunted lung growth in children by approximately 13% in London, 8% in Birmingham, 5% in Liverpool, 14% in Oxford, 4% in Southampton and 3% in Nottingham.
As per the WHO standards, PM2.5 (Particulate Matter) should not exceed an annual mean of 10μg/m3 or a 24-hour mean of 25 μg/m3. However, existing UK legal limits for PM2.5 are more than double the WHO limit. As per the reports, no political party has committed to bringing the limit to within WHO guidelines by 2030.
Researchers suggest that across the UK, the number of cases of children with symptoms of bronchitis can be considerably reduced if air pollution was cut by a fifth.
Tags : Pollution, Air Pollution, Stunting in Children, UK, Lung Cancer, Child Health, Clear Air,